Help:Formatting

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You can format your text by using wiki markup, also known as wikitext. This consists of normal characters like asterisks, single quotes or equal signs which have a special function in the wiki, sometimes depending on their position. For example, to format a word in italic, you include it in two pairs of single quotes like ''this''.

Text formatting markup

Description You type You get
Character (inline) formatting – applies anywhere
Italic text
''italic''

italic

Bold text
'''bold'''

bold

Bold and italic
'''''bold & italic'''''

bold & italic

Escape wiki markup
<nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki>

no ''markup''

Section formatting – only at the beginning of the line
Section Headings of different levels

== Level 2 ==

=== Level 3 ===

===== Level 4 =====

====== Level 5 ======

======== Level 6 ========

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Level 5
Level 6
Horizontal rule
Text before
----
Text after

Text before


Text after

Bullet list


* Start each line
* with an asterisk (*).
** More asterisks give deeper
*** and deeper levels.
* Line breaks <br />don't break levels.
*** But jumping levels creates empty space.
Any other start ends the list.


* combine bullet list
** with definition 
::- definition
** creates empty space

* combine bullet list
** with definition 
*:- definition
** without empty spaces
*bullet list
:- definition
:* sublist that doesn't create empty
:* spaces after definition

  • Start each line
  • with an (*).
    • More asterisks give deeper
      • and deeper levels.
  • Line breaks
    don't break levels.
      • But jumping levels creates empty space.

Any other start ends the list.

  • combine bullet list
    • with definition
- definition
    • creates empty space
  • combine bullet list
    • with definition
    - definition
    • without empty spaces
  • bullet list
- definition
  • sublist that doesn't create empty
  • spaces after definition
Definition list

;item 1
: definition 1
;item 2
: definition 2-1
: definition 2-2

item 1
definition 1
item 2
definition 2-1
definition 2-2
Indent text

: Single indent
:: Double indent
::::: Multiple indent

Single indent
Double indent
Multiple indent
Mixture of different types of list


# one
# two
#* two point one
#* two point two
# three
#; three item one
#: three def one
# four
#: four def one
#: this looks like a continuation
#: and is often used
#: instead <br />of <nowiki><br /></nowiki>
# five
## five sub 1
### five sub 1 sub 1
## five sub 2

  1. one
  2. two
    • two point one
    • two point two
  3. three
    three item one
    three def one
  4. four
    four def one
    this looks like a continuation
    and is often used
    instead
    of <br />
  5. five
    1. five sub 1
      1. five sub 1 sub 1
    2. five sub 2
Preformatted text


Start each line with a space.
 Text is '''preformatted''' and
 ''markups'' '''''can''''' be done.

Start each line with a space.

Text is preformatted and
markups can be done.
Preformatted text blocks
 
<nowiki>Start with a space in the first column,
(before the <nowiki>).

Then your block format will be
    maintained.
 
This is good for copying in code blocks:


 def function():
    """documentation string"""


 if True:
        print True
    else:
        print False</nowiki>
Start with a space in the first column,
(before the <nowiki>).


Then your block format will be
    maintained.


 This is good for copying in code blocks:


 def function():
    """documentation string"""

    
 if True:
        print True
    else:
        print False

Paragraphs

MediaWiki ignores single line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tags <br />.

HTML tags

Some HTML tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>, <div>, <span> and <font>. These apply anywhere you insert them.

Description You type You get
Inserted
(Displays as underline in most browsers)
<ins>Inserted</ins>

or

<u>Underline</u>

Inserted

or

Underline

Deleted
(Displays as strikethrough in most browsers)
<s>Struck out</s>

or

<del>Deleted</del>

Struck out

or

Deleted

Fixed width text
<code>Source code</code>

or

<code>Fixed width text</code>

Source code

or

Fixed width text

Blockquotes
Text before
<blockquote>Blockquote</blockquote>
Text after

Text before

Blockquote

Text after

Comment
<!-- This is a comment -->
Comments are visible only 
in the edit zone.

Comments are visible only in the edit zone.

Completely preformatted text
<pre>
Text is '''preformatted''' and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done</pre>
Text is '''preformatted''' and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done
Customized preformatted text
<pre style="color: red">
Text is '''preformatted''' 
with a style and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done
</pre>
Text is '''preformatted''' 
with a style and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done

HTML symbols

An HTML symbol entity is a sequence of characters that produces one particular character. For example, &rarr; produces a right arrow "" and &mdash; produces an em dash "". HTML symbol entities are allowed in MediaWiki and are sometimes used in advanced editing for two main reasons: to insert characters not normally available on keyboards:

&copy; → ©
&delta; → δ

and to prevent the parser from interpreting and displaying HTML tags and symbols:

&amp;euro; → &euro;
&euro; →
&lt;span style="color:green;">Green&lt;/span> → <span style="color:green;">Green</span>
<span style="color:green;">Green</span> → Green

The following is a list of characters that can be produced using HTML symbols. Hover any character to find out the symbol that produces it. You can hover over any character to find out the HTML symbols. Some symbols not available in the current font will appear as empty squares.

HTML Symbol Entities
Á á Â â ´ Æ æ À à Α α & Å å Ã ã Ä ä Β β ¦ Ç ç ¸ ¢
Χ χ ˆ © ¤ ° Δ δ ÷ É é Ê ê È è Ε ε Η η
Ð ð Ë ë ƒ ½ ¼ ¾ Γ γ > Í í Î î ¡ Ì ì Ι ι
¿ Ï ï Κ κ Λ λ « < ¯ µ · Μ μ  
¬ Ñ ñ Ν ν Ó ó Ô ô Œ œ Ò ò Ω ω Ο ο ª º Ø ø Õ õ Ö
ö Φ φ Π π ϖ ± £ Ψ ψ " » ® Ρ ρ
Š š § ­ Σ σ ς ¹ ² ³ ß Τ τ Θ θ ϑ Þ þ ˜
× Ú ú Û û Ù ù ¨ ϒ Υ υ Ü ü Ξ ξ Ý ý ¥ ÿ Ÿ Ζ ζ

Nowiki for HTML

<nowiki /> can prohibit (HTML) tags:

  • <<nowiki />pre>  → <pre>

But not & symbol escapes:

  • &<nowiki />amp;  → &

To print & symbol escapes as text, use "&amp;" to replace the "&" character (eg. type "&amp;nbsp;", which results in "&nbsp;").

Other formatting

Beyond the text formatting markup shown above, here are some other formatting references:


Note that the information displayed on this page was largely transferred from MediaWiki Help:Formatting